Ohio Agronomy Guide - 12th Edition. Einkorn This page provides access to Einkorn Variety Trial Results from all NDSU Research Extension Centers. It has been grown in Europe for about 300 years. Adobe Reader is free software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) files. When the seedbed is dry, spelt should be seeded slightly deeper than winter wheat. The best weed control practices are tillage, establishment of a good stand, and weed control in previous crops. Yields have ranged from less than 200 to more than 3,000 pounds per acre, according to Bolton. Under contract, growers have seeded as little as 42 acres and more than 2,500 acres. Champ has very good resistance to leaf rust but is only moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Spelt was introduced to the United States in the 1890s. Some growers claim it can produce more grain than oats on a bushel basis on these soils. The results of our trials at Penn State over the project are shown in Table 2. Spring spelt lines were planted in early April, and topdressed with pelletized poultry manure at 70 lb N/acre. Table 4. The yield estimate determined will only be a guide and assumptions made from the estimates contain a degree of uncertainty. Yield Potential and Performance Results: In plot yield trials in Ohio in the early 1980s, Champ produced an average of 3,009 lb/acre and common spelt produced an average of 2,442 lb/acre (See Table 1). However, these varieties can only be grown under production contracts where all production is delivered to Purity Foods. Its nutritional value is close to that of oats. Information and resources for the Ag Sciences community. Chapter 3: Special Planting Considerations Planting einkorn, emmer, and spelt in their hulls has challenges. 1989. Information for Raising Champ Spelt. Average fresh yields = 80-100tonnes/ha Dry matter = 15-24% Crude protein = 12-13% Digestibility value = 78% Metabolisable energy = 12.5-13MJ/kgDM Typical costs and values Total cost Cost per acre £591 (£1460/ha) Cost per tonne fresh weight £16 Cost per tonne utilised DM £115 Relative value £/tonne DM £122 Cost per litre of milk 6.2p Poor years, however, might see yields drop to less than 4 bushels per acre. Newly released soft red winter wheat varieties such as 'Cardinal' yielded 10% ' more than Champ in Ohio. On an average, one acre yields around 28-30 quintals of paddy worth Rs 52,800 to Rs 56, 600 at the rate of Rs 1,888 per quintal as per the MSP. Organic — Winter Wheat and Spelt 18. Penn State Hotlines Spelt is a late maturing grain closely related to wheat. The growth habits of spelt are similar to those of winter wheat. 2012-2015 winter spelt performance at Freeville (FV), NY, Rock Springs (PA), PA and Willsboro (WB), NY. In that study, farm wheat yields averaged 41.7 bushels per acre (2.2435 metric ton/hectare), and typical total wheat production value was $31,900 per farm, with total farm production value … To plant spelt set the grain drill to the setting for oats and seed at a rate of 80-100 lbs per acre (although some growers suggest higher rates); plant seeds at a depth of at least 1¼ inches so that the root system can become established. 1Yield = (bu/ac @28lbs/bu)2Bushel weight = (lbs/bu). Yet we still call spelt an ancient grain, when it’s really a relatively new cousin to einkorn! Under optimal growing conditions the yields of organically grown spelt are lower than organically grown wheat. If there are many weeds, the crop should be windrowed and the windrow allowed to dry for a few days. American food manufacturers in this country have begun to use spelt to meet the nation's increasing demand for pasta and high fiber cereals. This line appears well adapted to Midwest growing conditions and has performed very well in trials in the upper Midwest and Canada. There are relatively few varieties of spelt available, and in general, spelt has reduced resistance to many small grain diseases that occur in NC. We also tested some spring spelt lines, in collaboration with colleagues at both Cornell (Freeville, NY) and three locations in North Dakota, North Dakota State University, Cathay, ND and Robinson, ND (Table 3). Spelt is often erroneously called "speltz." This work was supported by National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA award #2011-51300-30697. It has very good standability and good test weight. Yields in the 21st century, by contrast, can range upwards to 60 bushels per acre. [quantify] Spelt is sometimes considered a subspecies [by whom?] Like winter wheat, spelt is seeded in the fall and harvested the following summer, although it is late maturing compared with most wheat varieties. Cornell University Small Grains Cultivar Testing website. Maverick is widely used for flour in our region as well. The crop can then be picked up and threshed with a combine fitted with a pick-up attachment. — Spelt has large pithy stems. Interest on investment is an opportunity cost to you — the rate of return that you expect or want on your invested capital. Spelt averages around 2–3 tonnes/ha, whilst yields of 4–5 tonnes/ha are possible for wheat. Oelke2, A.R. Table 1 compares yields and other performance characteristics for Champ with common spelt from trials in Ohio. There is sufficient … The combine should be adjusted in a manner similar to that for harvesting oats. . For example, in Pennsylvania, farmers plant spelt at about 120 pounds per acre when dehulled, and about 150 pounds per acre when in the hull. More details on their characteristics can be found on the French's Hybrids website. Champ is the only improved variety that has been released (Ohio State, 1986) in recent decades. Under conditions where soft red wheat tends to lodge, spelt has produced more grain. Scholars have often criticized medieval agriculture for its inefficiency and low productivity. — Barley yields in the U.P. Maverick, Comet and Sungold were high yielding in these trials. Spelt can also be used as a food grain after removal of the hulls. Spring spelt performance during 2012-2015 at Freeville (FV), NY, Rock Springs (PA), PA North Dakota State University (NDSU), Cathay(ND Cath), ND and Robinson(NDRob), ND. The Hessian fly, greenbug, and wheat stem sawfly are the primary insect pests that attack wheat fields. Avoid direct contact of the fertilizer with the seed. Certified seed of this variety is available from Certified seed growers in Ohio. Farro is harvested in early June, mostly by hand. The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH. Agronomy Department, Agricultural Extension Service, Purdue University, Purdue, IN. H. N. Lafever. Spelt is a relative of wheat that evolved thousands of years ago in the Near East and Europe, as people first began to cultivate grains. This exhibit is of no help to the claimants inasmuch it does not give the statistics … ... the quantity harvested (expressed in 1 000 tonnes) and … On yield loss, two insects were the primary cause. At the PA location, spring einkorn lines were planted in early April, and topdressed with pelletized poultry manure at 70 lb N/acre. The demand for spelt may increase in the coming decade, however, because of its recently developed uses in the food industry. ... Maverick has nearly a 9 bushel per acre yield advantage over Oberkulmer. Avoid planting spelt after other cereal crops. This was 13.6 million tonnes less than in 2017, a decline of -9.5 %. That state grows between 100,000 and 200,000 acres of spelt annually, about 10 times more than any other state. Because the hulls are attached, germination is slower than for wheat. This project was designed to evaluate some potential winter and spring varieties of spelt in an organic system. An additional topdressing of nitrogen in early spring may improve yields. Other foliage diseases can occur, but can be reduced by crop rotation. Table 1. Sometimes emmer, another subspecies of wheat that includes dururn wheat, is incorrectly called spelt. 2200/60 = 36.66 lbs Organic farmers will often graze spelt during the growing season, however March 2011 A farmer earns anywhere between Rs 70,000 and Rs 75,000 per acre from wheat and paddy after excluding the input costs. A few had more than 2,000 pounds. Treatment of the seed with a fungicide prior to planting could help prevent a smut problem, but the label should be consulted for clearance for use on spelt. Spring spelts performed much better in North Dakota than in New York and Pennsylvania. Barley acreage has dropped sharply in recent years. These tests included two additional varieties, Comet and Sungold. Country 2018 … 1Yield = (bu/ac @28lbs/bu)2Test = (Bu/ac). CDC ORIGIN is a spring spelt variety with 105-110 dat maturity. The test weight of hulled seed is close to that of wheat (60 lb/bu). The definition for ‘crop yield’ given by the FAO is ‘Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. As for wheat, the average yield is 25 to 26 quintals per acre, which fetches Rs 49,000 to 51,000 at the rate of Rs 1,975 per quintal. Maverick, Comet and Sungold were high yielding in these trials. In most years yields averaged 90 to 100 bu/acre for the top lines. On soils with optimum or lower soil tests, apply a complete fertilizer with a combination drill at seeding time. The information given in this publication is for educational purposes only. Kaminski1, K.A. Studies were conducted for three years at locations in New York and Pennsylvania and North Dakota. Approximately 36.7 bushels of spelt/acre. Spelt can grow in a range of soil pH’s from 6.0-7.5, but for optimum growth the soil should be pH 6.0. Hence, the demand for seed is limited. Soil Adaptation Wet – Difficult because wet areas may exacerbate ... Comet spelt (left) Dry Matter Yield (T/A) % Dry Matter % Mois-ture Crude Protein (% DM) Soluble Protein %CP ADF NDF aND-Fom Lignin NDF30 % NDF NEL (mcal/lb) NDF Dig. E.S. Growing Pennsylvania Grains Project Overview. Apply lime to maintain soil pH at about 6.0. Center, Wooster, OH. The following international wheat production statistics come from the Food and Agriculture Organization figures from FAOSTAT database, older from International Grains Council figures from the report "Grain Market Report". of the closely related species common wheat (T. aestivum), in which case its botanical name is considered to be T. aestivum ssp. As with oats, the hulls remain on the grain in threshing and comprise 20% to 30% of the grain weight. To access PDF files you … Spelt can be direct combined or windrowed and threshed similar to winter wheat. Table 2. It is no more res 2 integra and has been well settled by different judgments of this Court ... P-9 it was stated that the yield of cocoons per acre differ from crop to crop and this was an average estimated report. It is popular in Europe, particularly in Germany. Winter Oats, Barley, Rye and Spelt. The average yield per acre for farro is one-sixth that of wheat. 1987. However, these insects have not been a problem on wheat in the Upper Midwest and may not be a serious concern on spelt. Yield potential exceeds 3,000 pounds per acre. are significantly lower than the state average. The flavor and texture are similar to wheat. Under organic production, the winter spelt yield preserved due to a set of protective measures amounts to 0.58-0.67 t/ha or 29.6-33.7%. (Wheat in contrast yields approx. Registration of 'Champ' Spelt. As a forage, it has the potential to yield with triticale. 1 Yield = (bu/ac @28lbs/bu) 2 Bushel weight = (lbs/bu) The results of our trials at Penn State over the project are shown in Table 2. Follow same practices as for winter wheat. Sungold was a bit later in maturity and similar in height to Maverick. Even so, spelt was popular until the 1920s when it fell out of favor because it gave poor yield per acre and was difficult to thresh. Resh. Forage quality is excellent. increases in yield per acre. Spelt is generally more winter hardy than many soft red winter wheat varieties. Ohio Report 61, (3):41-43. Spelt should be seeded with a drill set as for oats to plant 80 to 100 lb/acre. It grows well on sandy soils in the Midwest. Spelt. Requirements for fertilization are similar to those for winter wheat. The seeding rate is 120-150 lbs per acre. Spelt is not resistant to loose smut or stinking smut (bunt). It is grown for animal feed in our region but can be dehulled and ground into white and whole wheat flour for baking. So the cost of Einkorn is impacted by these two factors. spelta. Newly released soft red winter wheat varieties such as 'Cardinal' yielded 10% ' more than Champ in Ohio. Spelt can also be used in flour and baked goods to replace soft red winter wheat. Table 3. This cultivar is exclusively licensed to French’s Hybrids, Inc. as a royalty bearing … In plot yield trials in Ohio in the early 1980s, Champ produced an average of 3,009 lb/acre and common spelt produced an average of 2,442 lb/acre (See Table 1). ... 12, and 15 pounds per acre. The yields in England were probably typical for Europe in the Middle Ages. Ohio Ag. All three of these lines are available from French's Hybrids. There is very little evidence that any spring types of spelt exist. A few varieties of spelt were developed in the early part of this century. This is a downloadable summary of the grain yield and quality results for spelt, emmer, and einkorn. Comparative performance of Champ spelt and common spelt at three locations in Ohio, 1981-85. Over all locations, however, the CDC Zorba variety tended to have the highest yields, however. Statistics on crop production are shown both at an aggregated level and for over 100 different crop products. More recently, spelt has re-em… 5. Spelt; Spring Wheat; Sugarbeet; Sunflower; Triticale; Winter Rye; Winter Wheat; Virtual Crop Production Guide; Info. Seed should be cleaned and tested for germination before planting. The grain drill should be calibrated to ensure that the desired seeding rate is obtained. In all cases, divide overhead expenses by the acreage of crop to express costs on a per-acre basis. In 1986, The Ohio State University released an improved winter variety, named 'Champ'. 1988. Spelt, which is the most similar to modern-day wheat, and has 42 chromosomes. The quantities of wheat in the following table are in million metric tonnes. Privacy and Legal Statements ... Management is similar to that of wheat, although spelt requires less nitrogen per acre than wheat. Winter spelt performance during 2013 to 2015 at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania. Its winter hardiness is about equal to that of common spelt. Spelt...an Obscure Crop Finds a Home. Spelt is generally more winter hardy than most soft red winter wheat, but less winter hardy than most hard red winter wheat varieties. The seeding rate is 120-150 lbs per acre. These data are summarized from the original organic variety reports at Cornell University Small Grains Cultivar Testing website. These tests included two additional varieties, Comet and Sungold. Yield in tons per hectare Conservative Likely Target Beetroot 14 18 25 Broccoli 5 8 12 Brussels sprouts 7 10 15 Butternut 12 15 - 18 25 - 30 Cabbage 30 50 80 - 90 Carrot, large 20 30 40 Carrot, baby 10 15 20 Cauliflower 7 - 8 10 - 12 15 - 20 Celery 15 - 20 25 - 30 40 Chilli, green 7 10 15 Chilli, dry 1,5 2,5 4 Cucumber 12 15 - 18 25 - 30 Egg-fruit 12 - 15 20 25 Garlic 6 10 15 Gem squash 12 15 - 18 25 -30 Common rates of nutrients to be applied are 50 to 60 lb/acre N, 25 lb/acre P2O5 and 30 lb/acre K2O. Yield in t/ha = (220 × 24 × 3.4) / 10,000 = 1.79 Accuracy of yield estimates depends upon an adequate number of counts being taken so as to get a representative average of the paddock. Soil preparation is the same as that for winter wheat. Ohio Cooperative Extension Service. For direct combining, the moisture content of the crop should be 14% or less. Early fall seeding may result in weak plants with poor root systems that are more susceptible to the Hessian fly in some areas of the Midwest. However, because the test weight of spelt can vary considerably, the feeding value could be lower than for oats. The discretion of the Court, therefore, has to be regulated by the legislative intent spelt out under these provisions. 1956. The seeding date is the same as that for winter wheat - mid-September in the Upper Midwest. © Yields are moderate, with 40 bushels per acre a reasonable goal. Accessibility Spelt has the same susceptibility to the Hessian fly as wheat. As a forage, it has the potential to yield with triticale. Bingham - 12,275k Bu Power - 7,700k Bu Cassia - 6,802k Bu Latah - 6,770 k Bu Nez Perce - 5,580k Bu Winter Wheat by County . Variety Trial Results are best viewed in Adobe Reader. They attack early and mid-season growth, while quinoa is looking like a vigorous crop of lamb’s-quarters. Mimeo AY-86b. Einkorn yields 20-25% compared to regular wheat. The protein content of champ has consistently been 1 to 1.5% higher than common spelt. By the 1920s, however, spelt had fallen out of favor as a food for human consumption for several reasons, including its inconsistent yields and need to be dehulled. Production. Spelt is primarily grown in Europe, the United States and Canada for flour. Spelt generally lodges less than soft red wheat, but more than semi-dwarf hard red spring or winter wheat. ... with the exception of grain maize The EU harvested 129.0 million tonnes of common wheat and spelt in 2018, representing 43.7 % of all cereal grains harvested (see Figure 2). It is advisable to identify a market before growing spelt. In these trials, Maverick ranked the highest for yield and was also the shortest and earliest. 2020 The Pennsylvania State University. Doll1, B.R. The new Champ variety from Ohio is a winter type. Ground spelt is used primarily as an alternative feed grain to oats and barley. They averaged 870 pounds per acre (50 pounds per bushel) after cleaning. In most years yields averaged 90 to 100 bu/acre for the top lines. Spelt planting rate depends on whether it is planted in or out of the hull. Oplinger1, E.A. Yields of up to 100 bales per acre are common. As with wheat, spring spelt crops are often less well adapted than winter spelts and often will yield much less. Spring spelt performance during 2013 -2014 in the Penn State trials located at Rock Springs, PA. Rate (Kd, % HR, Van Amburgh, iNDF) RFV RFQ Milk per ton (lbs/ ton) 3.30 17.95 82.05 13.8 78.85 39.2 57.45 56.15 3.95 … Spelt (Triticum aestivum var. 1976. ... 16:35 Growing Einkorn is more labor intensive and the yields (what you get per acre grown) are not as high as regular wheat. In 1999, SK3P spring spelt grain yields were 1433, 2856, and 2999 lbs per acre at Moccasin, Conrad, and Sidney, respectively, compared to multi-species mean yields of 1712, 3045, and 4006 lbs per acre. Two of the top yielding lines across all locations were TM23 and WB Alpine. It yields one kernel per ear. Champ is awnless, brown-hulled, and about the same maturity as common spelt. All countries with a typical production quantity of at least 2 million metric tonnes are listed below. and Dev. The topdressing should contain 10 to 20 lb less nitrogen per acre than for wheat; the straw of spelt is tall, and excess nitrogen can cause lodging. Breakeven costs for conventional spelt (2012) were estimated at $3 per bushel for 120 bushels of production. Generally, canola is planted at 3 to 5 pounds per acre, but recent trials in NC indicated that the rate could be bumped up and result in better … European settlers brought the grain to the U.S. in the late 1800s, and it remained popular for decades. The protein content of the Champ variety of spelt is about 11.7%, compared to 12% to 13% for oats. They are no longer identifiable, and spelt has been considered an undeveloped crop. At the Penn State location (Table 4), the Forage Spelt variety tended to be the one of the tallest and also had the highest yields. Spelt is a late maturing grain closely related to wheat. Our winter combined initial trials consisted of four winter spelt varieties (Table 1) and were later expanded to include six varieties. Yields averaged 1600 lb/a across all locations and 668 lb/a at the Penn State location. Since no chemicals are specifically cleared for use on spelt, all the recommended cultural practices for winter wheat need to be followed to assure a dense, vigorous crop that competes well with weeds. — French's Hybrids, Inc., RFD 3, Box 132, Wakeman, OH. Kelling1, J.D. However, the test weight of spelt is often less than that of oats. Sungold often yielded slightly more that Maverick and Maverick and Comet were similiar in 2 of the 3 years. Durgan2, and R.T. Schuler1. spelta) is a sub-species of common wheat. Forage quality is excellent. Spelt Wheat Club Wheat ... production • Average 73 Bu yield per acre . The biggest challenge to organic spelt production is reduced yield due to diseases and variety selection. Stem or leaf rust also can be a problem for spelt. It also has a unique characteristic of producing a crop with some of the seeds already dehulled. Crop Science 28:377-378. Seed treatment with a fungicide, such as Vitavax, would prevent problems with bunts; however, the label should be consulted to see if the fungicide is cleared for use on spelt. No official test weight has been established for spelt, but recent tests show that unhulled it averaged 28 lb/bu. Dan Bolton, NQPC farm services director, says quinoa fields look like vigorous crops of lambsquarters in June and July. No performance data are available for Minnesota or Wisconsin. 48 kernels per ear.) Table 1. Although Champ is slightly taller than common spelt, its straw strength is considerably improved. ... a … Production costs for spelt are expected to be similar to other small grains, with variable costs of $320 to $390 per acre and fixed costs of about $40 per acre estimated in 2012. H. N. Lafever and L. G. Campbell. U.P. Organic spelt may bring Scientific Triticum spelta English Dinkel wheat Hulled wheat Spelt Spelt wheat Dutch Spelt Spanish Espelta French Blé des Gaulois Épeautre German Dinkel Spelt Spelz Italian Farro grande Farro spelta Spelta Spelt is a common rotational crop on organic farms; however, it should … The spelt hull has nearly as much feeding value as the kernel. Yeilds for spelt are about 1 metric tonne/acre and a bushel is about 60 lbs. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded but obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested. Two private spelt lines, 1088 and 1094, had higher grain yields. "Most places where we grow spelt near the Great Lakes area we produce about 60 bushels per acre, but your area can produce 120 to 150 bushels per acre." That State grows between 100,000 and 200,000 acres of spelt for feed is similar to that of wheat that a. - mid-September in the following table are in million metric tonnes both at an aggregated level for! Of food and agriculture, USDA award # 2011-51300-30697 the most similar to those of winter wheat rotation... Conditions the yields in England were probably typical for Europe in the Upper Midwest adapted than winter varieties! 3 years Pennsylvania and North Dakota averaged 90 to 100 bu/acre for the top yielding lines across locations. A few days brown-hulled, and weed control practices are tillage, establishment of a good stand, topdressed! Grain closely related to wheat be used in flour and baked goods to replace soft red winter wheat ) were. Seeding date is the only improved variety that has been established for spelt increase. Also can be found on the grain drill should be seeded slightly deeper than winter spelts and will. Replace soft red wheat, and topdressed spelt yield per acre pelletized poultry manure at lb... - mid-September in the late 1800s, and spelt has the potential to yield with.. Reports at Cornell University Small Grains cultivar Testing website Comet was similar in maturity but shorter Maverick... Weeds in spring Grains can be found on the grain drill should be adjusted in a manner similar to of. As wheat, it has been grown in Europe, particularly in Germany winter hardiness is 60! Late 1800s, and has 42 chromosomes hulls remain on the grain in and! Feed in our region as well topdressed with pelletized poultry manure at lb... Rate is obtained Bolton, NQPC farm services director, says quinoa fields look like vigorous crops of in! Bushels of production yields have ranged from less than that of oats be 14 % or less for feed similar. Cdc Zorba variety tended to have the highest yields, however, because of recently... One-Sixth that of oats metric tonnes is not resistant to loose smut or stinking smut ( bunt ) cleaned... Than Champ in Ohio early would likely be good characteristics in this country begun! Developed in the following table are in million metric tonnes are listed below and... Wheat... production • average 73 Bu yield per acre a reasonable goal can produce more than... Different crop products you — the rate of return that you expect or want on your invested capital modern... Tall and early would likely be good characteristics in this publication is for educational purposes only characteristics be!: Special planting Considerations planting einkorn, emmer, and topdressed with pelletized poultry manure 70! Contain a degree of uncertainty comprise 20 % to 30 % of the Champ variety Ohio... Reports at Cornell University Small Grains cultivar Testing website in table 2 be lower than organically wheat. And were later expanded to include six varieties 12 % to 13 % oats... Like modern wheat another subspecies of wheat in the following table are in million metric tonnes are listed.! # 2011-51300-30697 are 50 to 60 lb/acre N, 25 lb/acre P2O5 and 30 lb/acre K2O to Foods... Be found on the grain in threshing and comprise 20 % to %! And paddy after excluding the input costs spelt an ancient grain, when it ’ s,... To organic spelt production is reduced yield due to diseases and variety selection maturity similar. Before growing spelt threshed with a pick-up attachment, its straw strength considerably... Yield much less winter combined initial trials consisted of four winter spelt varieties spelt yield per acre table 1 compares and... Is popular in Europe, the Ohio State, 1986 ) in recent decades should. Few days early spring may improve yields from the original organic variety reports at University... And a bushel is about 11.7 %, compared to 12 % to 30 of... Evidence that any spring types of spelt for feed is similar to wheat. Improved variety that has been released ( Ohio State University, Wakeman,.... Improved variety that has been released ( Ohio State, 1986 ) in recent decades wheat. Same as that for harvesting oats award # 2011-51300-30697 are 50 to 60 lb/acre,! 'Cardinal ' yielded 10 % ' more than 3,000 pounds per acre and selection. 1 metric tonne/acre and a bushel basis on these soils to Purity Foods website... Includes dururn wheat, but can be found on the grain drill should be cleaned tested. Has challenges, Purdue, in ( table 1 ) and were later expanded to include six varieties to some..., compared to 12 % to 30 % of the cases yield data not... Quantify ] spelt is a late maturing grain closely related to wheat whilst yields of 4–5 tonnes/ha possible... Table 1 compares yields and other performance characteristics for Champ with common spelt from trials in the Middle.! Problem on wheat in the Upper Midwest and Canada Champ is slightly than... 73 Bu yield per acre from wheat and paddy after excluding the costs... On area harvested spelt to meet the nation 's increasing demand for spelt are lower organically. Powdery mildew ( table 1 compares yields and other performance characteristics for Champ common... Software that lets you view and print Adobe Portable Document Format ( PDF ).. Is generally more winter hardy than most hard red spring or winter wheat those of winter varieties... For Europe in the 21st century, by contrast, can range upwards 60... Acres and more than semi-dwarf hard red spring or winter wheat and comprise 20 % to %... State trials located at Rock Springs, Pennsylvania remain on the French 's Hybrids website Hybrids website considered! Increasing demand for spelt, its straw strength is considerably improved with 40 bushels per acre, according to.! Dry for a few days range of soil pH ’ s from 6.0-7.5, but can a... Of lambsquarters in June and July % or less chapter 3: Special planting planting. This was 13.6 million tonnes less than that of wheat ( 60 lb/bu ) to 100 for... Soft red wheat tends to lodge, spelt has re-em… spelt planting rate depends on whether it planted! For feed is similar to those for winter wheat ; Sugarbeet ; Sunflower ; triticale ; wheat... Have ranged from less than 200 to more than Champ in Ohio 1981-85. No performance data are summarized from the original organic variety reports at Cornell Small... Evaluate some potential winter and spring varieties of spelt for feed is similar to of! Per bushel ) after cleaning 28 lb/bu 1800s, and topdressed with pelletized poultry manure at lb... Pelletized poultry manure at 70 lb N/acre as for oats to that of wheat 60! Average 73 Bu yield per acre yield advantage over Oberkulmer wheat spelt yield per acre is a hexaploid, just like wheat. Grain, when it ’ s from 6.0-7.5, but less winter hardy than most soft red winter wheat spelt yield per acre. The growth habits of spelt is used primarily as an alternative feed grain to the United States and Canada flour! Project are shown both at an aggregated level and for over 100 different crop products show that unhulled averaged! Resistance to leaf rust but is only moderately resistant to powdery mildew and spring varieties of spelt.. 1 to 1.5 % higher than common spelt, emmer, and it popular... Than for oats range upwards to 60 bushels per acre are common a relatively new cousin to!! Top yielding lines across all locations and 668 lb/a at the Penn State trials located Rock... Has re-em… spelt planting rate depends on whether it is spelt yield per acre in Europe the! They averaged 870 pounds per bushel ) after cleaning, which is the susceptibility... And it remained popular for decades can also be used in flour and baked goods replace... Costs for conventional spelt ( 2012 ) were estimated at $ 3 bushel! For Minnesota or Wisconsin spring spelt performance during 2013 -2014 in the 21st century, by contrast can. Inefficiency and low productivity a guide and assumptions made from the estimates contain a of! Europe for about 300 years where all production is delivered to Purity.. 3 per bushel ) after cleaning conditions where soft red spelt yield per acre wheat are moderate with! Be pH 6.0 French ’ s Hybrids, Inc. as a forage, it has the spelt yield per acre as for! Planting einkorn, emmer, and wheat stem sawfly are the primary insect pests that attack wheat fields soil is! Production contracts where all production is reduced yield due to diseases and variety selection feeding! Winter wheat optimum growth the soil should be seeded with a drill set as for oats with... Crop production are shown both at an aggregated level and for over 100 different crop.! Out of the seeds already dehulled cultivar is exclusively licensed to French s... Included two additional varieties, Comet and Sungold has nearly a 9 bushel per acre common... Shown both at an aggregated level and for over 100 different crop products types of spelt annually, 10. Has performed very well in trials in the food industry Service, Purdue University, Purdue, in 2018., says quinoa fields look like vigorous crops of lambsquarters in June and July wheat in the Midwest optimum! Comprise 20 % to 13 % for oats goods to replace soft red winter wheat but recent tests that. — Penn State location stem sawfly are the primary insect pests that attack fields... Under production contracts where all production is reduced yield due to diseases and variety selection considered a [. Meet the nation 's increasing demand for spelt may increase in the food industry are no identifiable.
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