Special Episode: Ethiopia's Slide Toward Civil War. Mostly all of them have been forced to walk hundreds of miles toting their only earthly belongings, with no sense of security. Civil war, ethnic tensions, and broken promises: The ongoing power struggle between Ethiopian … A powerful Tigray armed militia played a leading role in the revolutionary movement of the early 1990s, which gave the region nearly three decades of standing in the regime that supplanted Marxist rule. All rights reserved. The government oversaw a federal system, although critics saw this federalism as a figleaf, behind which the Tigray minority dominated affairs. Ethiopia calls global concern over civil war ‘unwelcome’ Communications remain almost completely severed to the Tigray region of some 6 million people. What we are witnessing is a tragedy, make no mistake about it. Back to blood Ethiopia’s prime minister may be starting a civil war. Abiy – who is half Oromo, half Amhara – came to power in 2018, promising to hold elections by 2020. Neighboring nations have made calls for peace. So are the atrocities within the country. By Wednesday, the number of refugees was up to more than 27,000. Some report they’ve been forced to leave loved ones behind, others have seen family members killed. Ethiopia approached civil war Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to confront the country's well-armed Tigray regional ... Ethiopia, on Jan. 4, 2020. Communications and power blackouts have also been reported as part of the collateral fallout. Wednesday marked two weeks since internal war got underway between the Ethiopian military and armed rebel forces in the nation’s Tigray region. It is likely to define the very structure, character, and identity of the Ethiopian state for years. Abiy is telling Ethiopians and the world that what is going on is a short law-and-order-type operation, which will end with the surrender or arrest of top TPLF leaders. How Ethiopia reached the brink of civil war Updated / Wednesday, 11 Nov 2020 07:31 Members of the Amhara militia that fight alongside federal and regional forces against the … United Nations officials announced Monday, Nov. 16, that more than 25,000 Tigrayans had sought refuge in neighboring Sudan as the internal crisis rages on. Third, Ethiopia’s constitution recognises the right of ethnic communities to campaign for political autonomy, and secession is a constant topic of conversation in areas such as Tigray, the Somali region and Oromia. Now, he is being asked to pull his own country back from the brink of civil war. Ethiopia is approaching civil war as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister has ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government. civil unrest Why Ethiopia is on the brink of a civil war The Ethiopian central government has launched a military offensive against forces of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front. 'I saw people dying on the road': Tigray's traumatised war refugees, Analysis: why ‘final’ offensive may not end Ethiopian conflict, Ethiopian prime minister gives Tigrayan rebels 72 hours to surrender, If Ethiopia descends into chaos, it could take the Horn of Africa with it, Secret UN report reveals fears of long and bitter war in Ethiopia, Ethiopia fighting could drive 200,000 to Sudan in coming months, says UN, The Guardian view on war in Ethiopia: time is short, Why is Ethiopia facing civil war? “Nobody will kneel down here,” one Tigray resident told a Reuters reporter. Abiy’s relationship with his TPLF partners deteriorated, with Tigrayan leaders retreating to Tigray or being asked to take a backseat role in a coalition that they had previously dominated. Over 5,000 refugees poured into the Sudanese provinces of Kassala and al-Qadarif on Sunday, Nov. 15 to escape the violence, the largest single-day influx since the conflict began, according to news outlets. Weeks of fighting have ensued since then as government forces seek to advance on Mekelle, a TPLF stronghold, to capture the party’s leaders. These tensions had been simmering for some time, but reached a boiling point following Abiy’s decision to postpone scheduled general elections because of the coronavirus pandemic. But the crisis in Ethiopia, a key U.S. security ally, has been building for months. But the first signs of friction came in November 2019 when the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the region’s ruling political party, refused to join a unified coalition Abiy established as the foundation of his democratic central government, according to Ethiopian monthly The Addis Standard. News World Growing fears of civil war and genocide in Ethiopia as conflict escalates 6:12am, Nov 15, 2020 Updated: 10:01am, Nov 15 Growing fears of civil war and genocide in Ethiopia … “They did not have time to assemble their families and leave together. Lawmakers responded by cutting off TPLF from the federal government budget. First, Ethiopia is plagued by a vicious sectarianism countrywide. ‘White Saviorism Is a Very Huge Issue’: White Spelman Student Offers Apology After Onslaught of Criticism for Her Tone In Celebrating Acceptance Letter, New Bill May Allow Black Farmers to Reclaim Millions of Acres, ‘Our Priorities Should Not Be Legalizing Drugs’: Republicans Criticize House Democrats for Passing Marijuana Decriminalization Bill That’s Unlikely to Become a Law. A war that many feared was possible, but hoped would never happen, appears to be under way between Ethiopia’s federal forces and those commanded by the northern Tigray region. So, how did we get here? “Every effort should be made to keep children out of harm’s way, and to ensure that they are protected from recruitment and use in the conflict,” UNICEF chief Henrietta Fore said Thursday. Civil War in Ethiopia: Who, what, why? For most of the 20th century, the country was ruled by an Amhara-dominated monarchy. Then, on Nov. 4, Abiy ordered a military offensive after TPLF troops stormed the Northern Command, seizing control of the federal army base in Tigray’s capital Mekelle. From: UpFront Is Ethiopia on the brink of civil war? Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is struggling to hold a fragmented country together, as the government does battle with former coalition members, Thu 19 Nov 2020 17.11 GMT By … Ethiopia Edges Toward Civil War As Federal Government Orders Attack On Tigray Region Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said forces of the Tigray People's Liberation Front, which controls Ethiopia… The war between Abiy and the TPLF is particularly dangerous for three reasons. Ethiopia's prime minister Abiy Ahmed has said that concerns his country will descend into chaos are unfounded, but fears of an all-out civil war continue to grow. By Debora Patta Updated on: November 10, 2020 / 7:55 AM / CBS News That was the last straw for Abiy, who said of the attack, “the last red line had been crossed,” the BBC reported. Civil War Erupts In Ethiopia, ... 2020. Ethiopia Airlines accused of ethnic profiling over civil war with Tigray Sources say pilots, caterers, technicians and security guards told to hand in their badges and not to return to work But even if he does manage to capture some of the TPLF leaders, there will be a new generation to take their place. This dramatic escalation represents a major gamble on Abiy’s part. Atlanta Black Star is a narrative company. Lifesaving assistance is urgently needed. They arrived at the camps after having walked for several days, exhausted and with nothing. ADDIS ABABA The humanitarian tragedy is already stretching across borders: 27,000 Ethiopians have crossed the frontier into Sudan in two weeks, the largest influx in 20 years. The Oromo Liberation Army, which broke off from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLA), has caused widespread damage in the region. That all came to an end in 2018 when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed rose to power on the heels of anti-government protests. Thousands of people have been forced to flee Ethiopia’s Tigray region into Sudan. Despite comprising only 6% of Ethiopia’s population, Tigrayans have historically carried a significant proportion of federal power since leading the way to victory during the 1974 to 1991 Civil War. Fears grow fighting between Ethiopia’s federal army and Tigray forces could draw in outside involvement. “Mediation at this point will only incentivize impunity,” Redwan Hussein, a senior government official told reporters on Nov. 16, according to Yahoo News. Ethiopian leader rejects concerns of a brewing civil war as clashes reportedly leave hundreds dead. The honeymoon period is well and truly over. After almost two decades of vicious military dictatorship, a new coalition government came to power in 1991. What we’re seeing in Ethiopia might be the last gasps of an empire – akin to the dissolution of the former Soviet Union – for some 115 million people. On 4 November, while the world was occupied with the US elections, Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed, winner of a Nobel peace prize for his role in trying to resolve the conflict with Eritrea, declared war on the TPLF, launching a military offensive in response to what he claims was an attack on the Northern Command, the most powerful division of the Ethiopian army. Nov 16th 2020. Top officials are working with U.N. refugee agency UNHCR, the World Food Programme, the U.N. Children’s Fund and other international relief agencies to prepare camps find food and humanitarian aid for the asylum seekers. Tigray staged elections for 152 regional parliamentary seats, angering Ethiopian officials who characterized them as “null and void.” Abiy repudiated them as illegal “shanty elections” and refused to recognize the votes, France 24, a state-owned French news outlet reported. Reuters described Tigray as an arid, mountainous region of northern Ethiopia steeped in a long tradition of guerilla warfare. ... Nov. 24, 2020. Few believe the Tigrayans will accept second-class status again. Tigray raises the stakes Ethiopia’s civil war is spreading outside its borders. African political history reveals the central role that the military – and its allegiances – play in political stability. Ethiopia is a complex mosaic of ethnic groups, including – to use figures from the 2007 census – the Oromo (34%), Amhara (27%), Somalis (6.2%) and Tigray (6%). Second, Abiy will probably not win a decisive victory, as the TPLF has considerable military capacity and is used to protracted armed struggles, having come of age by waging guerrilla warfare against the Derg dictatorship in the 1970s and 80s. Africa Ethiopia: A timeline of the Tigray crisis. His liberal philosophy entailed commitments to privatising industry, freeing some political prisoners (lately, prisons have filled up again) and came packaged in a highly ambitious, messianic aura. Seeing families and children sleeping in the open was heartbreaking.”. The conflict is most likely to descend into a fully fledged civil war if the military fragments. – video explainer. The political integrity of Africa’s second most-populous nation is at stake, as are the lives and livelihoods of tens of thousands of ordinary people – divided from each other by the dangerous allures and false consolations of ethnic absolutism. Here’s how you can help: https://t.co/Gqjv1rROZv pic.twitter.com/4Ur3eyKaMQ. We discuss the conflict in Tigray with a minister from Abiy Ahmed’s government and a member of the TPLF. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia approached civil war on Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government, accusing it of a deadly attack on a military base and declaring “the last red line has been crossed” after months of alleged provocations. During a press briefing on Thursday, Nov. 19, a senior humanitarian official shared the “heartbreaking” toll of the war. The U.N. expects over 200,000 Ethiopian refugees to vacate the Tigray region over the next six months. About 4,000 people have been streaming into Sudan each day. 2020 Tigray military intervention The Ethiopian Civil War was a civil war in Ethiopia and present day Eritrea, fought between the Ethiopian military junta communist governments and Ethio-Eritrean anti-government rebels from September 1974 to June 1991. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. Sign up to receive The Atlanta Black Star Newsletter in your inbox. The relationship finally broke down when Abiy announced plans to dissolve the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition and replace it with his own Prosperity party, a new political vehicle that the TPLF refused to take part in. According to U.N. officials, many of the refugees are young men who claim they’ve been targeted by armed forces. “Many of the refugees left behind children, and parents,” said Babacar Cissé, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan. Contribute to Atlanta Black Star today and help us share our narratives. To be clear: Abiy inherited this problem, he didn’t create it, but his management made it worse. Last modified on Fri 20 Nov 2020 10.08 GMT. By nightfall on Sunday, Nov. 22, Prime Minister Ahmed signaled he was prepared to put that resolve to the test, surrounding Mekelle with tanks and tweeting a dire warning directed at the opposing fighters: “To members of the destructive TPLF clique, your journey of destruction is coming to an end, and we urge you to surrender peacefully within 72 hours, recognizing that you are at the point of no return.”. Brewing tensions were heightened in September when Tigrayan leaders defied the prime minister’s order to postpone all elections through October due to COVID-19. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Suddenly Ethiopia appears on the brink of civil war, threatening the stability of one of the world’s most strategic regions, the Horn of Africa, and the fracturing of one of Africa’s most powerful and populous countries.. They fear for their lives and the lives of their families. • Yohannes Woldemariam is an academic specialising in the Horn of Africa, People who fled fighting in northern Ethiopia tell of atrocities and gruelling journey to Sudan, PM Abiy Ahmed has implied operation will soon be over, but many leaders have found their planned short wars will not end quickly, Abiy Ahmed urges ‘peaceful’ end to three-week conflict after generals say civilians in the regional capital Mekelle will be shown ‘no mercy’, As conflicts rapidly unfold in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, the US, UK and European states are being increasingly sidelined, Available for everyone, funded by readers. As such, the conflict risks overwhelming the state. He began by demonising the TPLF and calling their leaders “Yeken Jiboch”, or “daytime hyenas”. The confrontation between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the Tigray State will have profound national and regional ramifications for decades to come. Since he came to power, it has become dangerous for an Ahmara person to even live in Oromia, to give a sense of the fractiousness that envelops the country. The fighting has taken its toll and led to a humanitarian crisis. Eritrea, Tigray and Ethiopia’s brewing civil war. Less than a year ago, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accepted the Nobel Peace Prize. There is a persistent violence from insurgents in Wollega, Benishangul, the Somali and Oromia regions. Abiy won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019. Determined to assert their own authority, TPLF leaders went ahead with an election in Tigray, flouting Abiy’s instructions. 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