In the past 15-30 years, this number has dropped to just 80,000. These nine types of giraffe can be found in Africa and they are classified according to their geographical range, coat patterns and coloration. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Giraffe Species Genetic research led to a new taxonomic classification in 2016 when the formerly single species of giraffes changed to four species, five subspecies and two ecotypes. (2016) sampled natural giraffe populations from across their range in Africa and performed genetic analyses that indicated four species should be recognized. In a recent paper in Current Biology, Fennessy and colleagues [1] conclude that there are four species of giraffe and that their numbers are declining in Africa. You can find these giraffes pictures on the internet. Now, says Dr. Fennessy, there are at least 30 different species concepts, many of which rely on genetic testing. There are four species, six subspecies and one ecotype of giraffes that are native to more than 15 African countries. South African Giraffe (G. c. giraffa) Also known as the Cape giraffe, it ranges across South African, … Nearly 40,000 giraffe parts have been imported to the US in last 10 years.. They are commonly known as Commensalism, Mutualism, and Parasitism. Angolan giraffe drinking in the Hoanib River, northwest Namibia. In the last 15 years, the population of giraffes has declined by 40% - there are now an estimated 90,000 individuals in the wild. (2016) sampled natural giraffe populations from across their range in Africa and performed genetic analyses that indicated four species should be recognized. There are many different types of symbiotic relationships or relationships between animals that depend on each other in an ecosystem. 15 years ago, there were 140,000 giraffes in Africa. Native to Chad, Cameroon and the Central African Republic, the Kordofan giraffe … These kinds of giraffes have been spotted in this area many times before. Giraffes are the tallest land animals. For a long time, people called the giraffe a camel-leopard, believing it was a combination of a camel and a leopard! The answer to the question regarding how many types of giraffes are there in the world is letter B or nine (9). In the wild, African elephants outnumber giraffe 4 to 1. They are Masaai, Rothschilds, and Reticulated. There are 6 different types of giraffes. This study revealed that there are four distinct species of giraffe, and five subspecies. The subspecies formerly recognized as Thornicroft’s giraffe is now represented by this species. The two giraffes to be killed were a mother and her seven-month-old calf. Wikimedia Commons. The release of a new study suggesting there are four species of giraffes is the latest piece of scientific evidence indicating giraffes belong to more than one species. Hope I could help! They are distinguished by their coat patterns and by where they live in Africa. The release of a new study suggesting there are four species of giraffes is the latest piece of scientific evidence indicating giraffes belong to more than one species. Berry 4 Anne Dagg 3 5 Francois Deacon 2 3 John B. Doherty 3 6 7 Derek E. Lee 3 8 Frédéric Mineur 6 7 Zoe Muller 3 9 10 Rob Ogden 11 Russell Seymour 3 6 … Youngsters stay with a few adult females and the males are nomadic and move between groups of females. How many species of giraffe are there? There is also a real stuffed albino giraffe in Ripley's Believe It Or Not Odditorium. Giraffe's can commonly be found in Africa, South of the Sahara Desert. There are many different types of Giraffe's around the world. Presently there are between 8 and 11 subspecies of giraffes recognized by the scientific community, differentiated almost exclusively by coat color and pattern. Giraffes belong to the family Giraffidae and the genus Giraffa. Southern giraffe calf in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, representing the formerly recognized subspecies Angolan giraffe. Threatened animals have more time on their clocks than endangered animals, and the debate over how many species of giraffes there are might be presenting some types of giraffes as having much more time on that extinction clock than they actually do. However, a paper published today in BMC Biology convincingly demonstrates that giraffes are actually comprised of at least six, and possibly as many as … Opt in to receive news and updates. Kordofan giraffe. These mammals are long-necked, long-legged and hoofed, and have irregular, brown square-shaped patterns on their lighter skin. © 2020 Giraffe Conservation Foundation. Thornicroft's Giraffe (G. c. thornicrofti) The Thornicroft’s giraffe is also known as the Rhodesian … Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer, Black holes may not exist, but fuzzballs might, wild theory suggests, Sprawling 8-mile-long 'canvas' of ice age beasts discovered hidden in Amazon rainforest, Most accurate map of our galaxy pinpoints 1.8 billion cosmic objects, Lost islands beneath the North Sea survived a mega-tsunami 8,000 years ago, Physicists recorded the flowing sound of a 'perfect' fluid for the first time, Mysterious black spot in polar explorer's diary offers gruesome clue to his fate. There are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 Reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in Africa. The back legs look shorter than the front legs, but they are about the same length. “With respect to giraffe in general, there are some clever people out there who’ve come up with ideas about why they’re a species or subspecies,” he continued. The giraffe population has fallen by around 40% since 1990. Read more about the four distinct giraffe species. The four distinct species are Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), Northern giraffe (G. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata) and Southern giraffe (G. giraffa). The giraffe is the tallest living land animal. We promise not to clutter your inbox. Angolan giraffes — now identified as the southern giraffe species — in northwest Namibia. Since giraffes were first described in the … There are fewer giraffe in the wild today than the African elephant or the hippo. There are a counted 2645 Nubian, 8700 Reticulated and 659 Rothschild giraffes in Africa. In the wild, African elephants outnumber giraffe 4 to 1. Yet in America, trade in giraffe parts is booming. The West African giraffe, the Rothschild giraffe, the reticulated giraffe, masai giraffe, angolan giraffe and South African giraffe. Giraffes belong to the family Giraffidae and the genus Giraffa. These mammals are long-necked, long-legged and hoofed, and have irregular, brown square-shaped patterns on their lighter skin. Yet in America, trade in giraffe parts is booming. Behaviour. How many tiger species are there? Etymology. Giraffes are known for their spotted coats. Visit our corporate site. In a recent paper in Current Biology, Fennessy and colleagues [1] conclude that there are four species of giraffe and that their numbers are declining in Africa. Answer. (Photo credit: Marc Napo/Ishaqbini-Hirola Community Conservancy) Poachers have killed two extremely rare white giraffes in northeast Kenya, leaving just one such animal in the world. Behaviour. You will not be subscribed until we receive your confirmation. A reticulated giraffe in Samburu National Reserve, Kenya. They belong to the order Artiodactyla, … They eat the browse that others cannot reach, which promotes growth of forage and opens up areas for themselves and other smaller browsers to make use of. Sarah Sloat. Please refresh the page and try again. Fennessy et al. How Many Giraffes Are There In The World Giraffe Population In Africa. Jun 28, 2015 - differences in spot patterns by sub-species of giraffes - and I thought they were all the same! There are fewer giraffe in the wild today than the African elephant or the hippo. A giraffe's lungs can hold 12 gallons of air. You will receive a verification email shortly. The Arab name is translated as "fast-walker". This species now encompasses several subspecies: West African, Kordofan, Nubian and Rothschild's. Etymology. Learn about all 9 types of tigers, including population size, weight, range, illegal trade in tiger parts, and unique features. The four distinct species are Masai giraffe (G. tippelskirchi), Northern giraffe (G. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. reticulata) and Southern giraffe (G. giraffa). Author links open overlay panel Fred B. Bercovitch 1 2 3 Philip S.M. All four giraffe species and their subspecies live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa. Previously identified as a subspecies, this giraffe species is found primarily in Kenya and Tanzania, and was first described in 1898. 9.8.2016 8:36 PM. Giraffes are a more diverse group than once thought, with scientists recently identifying four distinct species. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. There was a problem. In the last 15 years, the population of giraffes has declined by 40% - there are now an estimated 90,000 individuals in the wild. The new species are the northern giraffe, the southern giraffe, the reticulated giraffe and the Masai giraffe. Wikimedia Commons. The subspecies are thus divided: Angolan giraffe (G. c. angolensis), Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum), Masai giraffe (G. c. tippleskirchi), Nubian giraffe (G. c. camelopardalis), Reticulated giraffe (G. c. reticulata), Rothschild’s giraffe (G. c. rothschildi), South African giraffe (G. c. giraffa), Thornicroft’s giraffe (G. c. thornicrofti), and West African giraffe (G. c. peralta). The Angolan subspecies was described in 1903, and there are an estimated 13,000 individuals in the wild. There are many different types of symbiotic relationships or relationships between animals that depend on each other in an ecosystem. The subspecies West African giraffe was described in 1898, and is found primarily in Niger. Angolan giraffes — now identified as the southern giraffe species — in northwest Namibia. They are found in a wide range of habitat and have the ability to move over the land, climb trees, and swim with ease. These kinds of giraffes have been spotted in this area many times before. © The name "giraffe" has its earliest known origins in the Arabic word zarāfah (زرافة), perhaps borrowed from the animal's Somali name geri. New York, There are now fewer than 100,000 giraffes alive in the world, and there are now fewer giraffes than elephants in Africa.. The legs of a giraffe are also 6 feet long. A giraffe's 6-foot-long neck weighs about 600 pounds. The GCF Gift Shop has official t-shirts, tote bags, and more items. (Photo credit: Marc Napo/Ishaqbini-Hirola Community Conservancy) Poachers have killed two extremely rare white giraffes in northeast Kenya, leaving just one such animal in the world. There Are Actually 4 Types of Giraffes. South African Giraffe (G. c. giraffa) Also known as the Cape giraffe, it ranges across South African, … Jun 28, 2015 - differences in spot patterns by sub-species of giraffes - and I thought they were all the same! Importantly this means that by protecting Africa’s giraffes, we are protecting other species too. These types … There is only one giraffe species, but there are several subspecies—two of which are endangered. This is a rare sight of southern giraffes — previously described as the subspecies Angolan giraffe — drinking in northwest Namibia. But this discovery could significantly impact conservation efforts, leading to initiatives that better address needs that vary across species. Sarah Sloat. There are many different types of Giraffe's around the world. In the last 30 years, giraffes in Africa have declined from approximately 155,000 to under 100,000, according to the latest IUCN Red List assessment. There are now fewer than 100,000 giraffes alive in the world, and there are now fewer giraffes than elephants in Africa.. Since giraffes were first described in the 18th century, these long-necked mammals were thought of as one species, with nine subspecies emerging over subsequent decades. Learn about all 9 types of tigers, including population size, weight, range, illegal trade in tiger parts, and unique features. Masai giraffes in South Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Currently, giraffes are all know as species Giraffa camelopardalis, and up to 11 sub-species are recognized, including the Nubian giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis). World Record Holder. Giraffe can be so tall they can peer into a second story window. Although snakes are common in warm, tropical areas, they have an extremely large global distribution. Proceeds from every sale help fund our conservation work in Africa. There are three distinct types of Giraffes. Outside of this Kenyan giraffe family, only one other white giraffe has been spotted in Africa; it … Fewer than 8,700 individuals of this species remain in the wild. They eat the browse that others cannot reach, which promotes growth of forage and opens up areas for themselves and other smaller browsers to make use of. Proudly wear your support for GCF! File photo of the white giraffe spotted in Kenya in 2017. There are three distinct types of Giraffes. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Native to Chad, Cameroon and the Central African Republic, the Kordofan giraffe … By clicking below to submit this form, you acknowledge that the information you provide will be transferred to MailerLite for processing in accordance with their Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. There were several Middle English spellings, such as jarraf, ziraph, and gerfauntz.The Italian form giraffa arose in the 1590s. They belong to the order Artiodactyla, … Even though those are the most common places, Giraffe's can also be found in west Africa, Uganda, east Africa, Nigeria and many others. How many tiger species are there? They are Masaai, Rothschilds, and Reticulated. The physical differences between the four giraffe species aren't dramatic. The southern giraffe species is now thought to include the Angolan subspecies and the South African subspecies. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, 9.8.2016 8:36 PM. The Angolan giraffe (G. g. angolensis) and South African giraffe (G. g. giraffa) are the two subspecies of the Southern giraffe. There were several Middle English spellings, such as jarraf, ziraph, and gerfauntz.The Italian form giraffa arose in the 1590s. We thought there was only one species for hundreds of years! As the nominate species, Nubian giraffe takes precedence and Rothschild’s giraffe is thus subsumed into it. There are 6 different types of giraffes. First identified as a subspecies in 1899, this giraffe is distributed across Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. Giraffes are fairly social animals and get together in herds from time to time. Preliminary data suggests that the Thornicroft’s giraffe is genetically similar to the Masai giraffe. But researchers have discovered that giraffes are more diverse than previously suspected, thanks to extensive DNA analysis — the most comprehensive ever performed for these well-known but not very well-studied animals — which revealed four species that did not interbreed. Outside of this Kenyan giraffe family, only one other white giraffe has been spotted in Africa; it … However, there is no group bonding. Leucism affects many mammals, but it is extremely rare in giraffes. This study revealed that there are four distinct species of giraffe, and five subspecies. Please check your email to confirm your subscription. Most scientists recognize nine different kinds of giraffe, but whether they merit classification as their own individual species or are merely subspecies is still up for debate. How Many Giraffes Are There In The World Giraffe Population In Africa. Help save giraffe. They inhabit all continents with an exception of Antarctica and other small land masses such as New Zealand, Iceland, and Ireland. During the year 2005 an albino giraffe was spotted in Tanzania. NY 10036. A giraffe could look into a second-story window without even having to stand on its tiptoes! However, the Giraffe Conservation Foundation (GCF), together with its partner Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre (BiK-F), has performed the first-ever comprehensive DNA sampling and analysis (genomic, nuclear and mitochondrial) of all major natural populations of giraffe throughout their range in Africa. There is also a real stuffed albino giraffe in Ripley's Believe It Or Not Odditorium. Think of it as numbers on a clock — the closer to midnight the closer to extinction. We thought there was only one species for hundreds of years! Giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis) are presently classified as one species, with nine subspecies, which are considered 'Vulnerable' on the … Even though those are the most common places, Giraffe's can also be found in west Africa, Uganda, east Africa, Nigeria and many others. There Are Actually 4 Types of Giraffes. In the last 30 years, giraffes in Africa have declined from approximately 155,000 to under 100,000, according to the latest IUCN Red List assessment. Different subspecies (types) of giraffes have different patterns of spots. Giraffe species and types . The IUCN currently recognises one species (Giraffa camelopardalis) and nine subspecies of giraffe, which is historically based on outdated assessments of their morphological features and geographic ranges. In the past 15-30 years, this number has dropped to just 80,000. The giraffe population in Africa has fallen by nearly 40 percent. In all of GCF’s conservation work and publications, based on this research, we use the updated giraffe taxonomy of the four species, while the IUCN still refers to the traditional concept of one species and nine subspecies. There … A reticulated giraffe strides across the savanna in Samburu National Reserve, Kenya. The reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), also known as the Somali giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe native to the Horn of Africa.It lives in Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. Their heart may be two feet long and weigh 25 pounds. Make a donation to support our work in Africa. Answer. They are commonly known as Commensalism, Mutualism, and Parasitism. There are approximately 8,500 individuals living in the wild. Nubian giraffe (G. c. camelopardalis), Kordofan giraffe (G. c. antiquorum) and West African giraffe (G. c. peralta) are the three subspecies of the Northern giraffe. For a long time, people called the giraffe a camel-leopard, believing it was a combination of a camel and a leopard! Rothschild’s giraffe is genetically identical to the Nubian giraffe. The reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata), also known as the Somali giraffe, is a subspecies of giraffe native to the Horn of Africa.It lives in Somalia, southern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya. Nearly 40,000 giraffe parts have been imported to the US in last 10 years.. Northern giraffes in the Murchison Falls National Park, Uganda. The genome of the giraffe was first decoded earlier this year—revealing clues about why the giraffe, the tallest mammal, has such a long neck and long legs. Importantly this means that by protecting Africa’s giraffes, we are protecting other species too. Senegal, like many West African countries, has lost all of its giraffes. These nine types of giraffe can be found in Africa and they are classified according to their geographical range, coat patterns and coloration. There are 6 different types of giraffes. Some of your most frequently asked questions answered, Twiga Tracker – Using modern technology to save giraffe and their habitat, Environmental Education for Namibia’s future. The Arab name is translated as "fast-walker". Giraffe Species Long-term research by GCF and partners has clearly identified four distinct species of giraffe in Africa – Masai, southern, northern and Reticulated giraffe, with several subspecies.