As listed, they offer a disciplined approach to questioning, investigating, reasoning, and thinking. 1. These principles require an empirical basis for sound conclusions. Principles of Scientific Inquiry The logic of scientific inquiry involves six basic steps applicable to all types of research. Empiricism: The Use of Empirical Evidence. These are principles of the scientific method, as distinguished from a definitive series of steps applicable to all scientific enterprises. Authority One source of knowledge is that derived from authority figures. When critical thinking is taught within the framework of cognitive psychology, the principles of scientific reasoning are a primary component of the course. [1] [2] [3] Though diverse models for the scientific method are available, there is in general a continuous process that includes observations about the natural world. The term is usually used to mean a systematic approach to solving a problem in science. 3. Skepticism: Possessing a Skeptical Attitude a scientific intuition has the gut feeling to intuitively predict that something will happen. A scientific way of thinking is something that anyone can use, at any time, whether or not they are in the process of developing new knowledge and explanations. Scientific thinking is a key element that serves as a base in scientific and professional formation of university students. A group of people may rely jointly on scientific thinking in pursuing their goals. 2. Viewing mistakes as data and data as leading to new conclusions and progress is part and parcel to the scientific process. Six Principles of Scientific Thinking 805 Words | 3 Pages. 1. Thinking scientifically involves asking questions that can be answered analytically by collecting data or creating a model and then testing one's ideas. Petrosino, 2001). 3 - 3 to gathering information—an approach that relies on systematic observation. Six principles of scientific thinking Six scientific thinking principles refers to psychology basics which are utilized throughout all branches and levels to think scientifically concerning multiple tests, problems, solutions among others. To fully appreciate scientific thinking, it must be situated in a developmental framework, The Scientific Method Although most of us have heard, at some time in our careers, that research must be carried out according to “the scientific method”, there is no single, sc ientific method. 3 Evidence that Thinking Can Be Improved With Instruction. Rationalism: The Practice of Logical Reasoning. Three types of investigation, or method, can be recognized: Before discussing empiricism, let’s examine three other important sources of information in our lives. Scientific thinking is most often social in nature, rather than a phenomenon that occurs only inside people’s head. 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